Human resource is the department in an organization or business that is responsible for management, administration and training of personnel. HR is a broad field that encompasses a wide variety of tasks. Your skills and strengths in HR give you an opportunity to determine the job position you would want to work in, the size of the company and your yearning to either specialize or not.
In small and medium size companies, the HR staff here carries out all the duties and responsibilities of a HR. In large companies, specialization enables the HR Director to head several departments which are basically run by managers who specialize in fields like labor relations, compensation and benefits and training and development.
Here are some of the qualifications and skills you should possess so as to be competent in HR.
This is achieved at college and university level. Many tertiary institutions offer programs that are designed to lead to degrees in HR, and Human Resources specialties like business, management, development and training. Regardless of the school you choose, HR Management is found in the following departments: instructional design or technology, human services, public administration, communication, organizational development, education or business.
If you want to succeed in your career in HR, you ought to choose courses especially in business, finance as well as social sciences such as sociology and psychology. To be more precise, Occupational Outlook Handbook, a book devoted to job trends in Human Resource, recommends courses in compensation, training and development, recruitment and performance appraisal. Other equally vital courses include Principles of Management, industrial psychology, organizational structure, business administration, political science, statistics, public administration and economics. Labor courses are also very important in Human Resources. Labor courses are courses such as labor law, labor economics, collective bargaining, industrial psychology and labor economics.
Professionals in Human Resources today argue that Master’s Degrees are the new Bachelor’s degree. Well, there is a point to note. Many, or rather most HR graduates proceed for a Master’s Degree program. Therefore, it’s advisable to pursue a post-graduate Master’s degree either in Human Resources, Business Administration (MBA), Organization Development and other fields. A master’s degree will be very vital for competence. Moreover, due to employment law, courses in Law have become supplementary to Human Resources courses. This is especially in the labor department where a good background in industrial relations and law is an additional advantage in jobs such as contract negotiators, arbitrators, mediators, managers and employee benefits. Law is important in these areas so as to enable them interpret the growing number of laws.
In order to be eligible for courses in Human Resources, you need to have some important personal qualifications and skills that will go ahead to form the basics in this course. Such qualifications include
Interpersonal skills: they enable you to interact with others effectively.
Computer Literacy: knowledge of computers and IT is vital for your working as computers are widely used in HR
Written and spoken communication: you should be able to write and speak fluently.
Flexible and accommodative: will enable you be comfortable with people with various cultural heritages, work experience, educational levels, etc.
Conflict resolution skills
Knowledge of statistics and finance
Team work ability
Integrity, fairness and confidentiality
High positions in HR such as at managerial level or generalist level require not only knowledge but also broad experience obtained from working in a similar level. Thus, it is always important to obtain some experience even when in college level, i.e. during internship, as this will give you an added advantage when experience is required and this will help you in your career in HR.
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